Driving skills on slippery road
Regularly check the tires: Always check the condition of the tires before going on the road. Be sure to perform the following routine maintenance operations: that is, keep the tires at the proper air pressure. The vehicle manufacturer specifies the correct level of air pressure for the tires, which can be found at the door edge, door pillar, glove box or fuel tank opening. This pressure value is also listed in the instruction manual. The number listed on the side of the tire is not the recommended tire pressure-it is the maximum pressure allowed by the tire. You should check the tire pressure at least once a month. In addition, the depth of the tread pattern should be checked. Proper tread depth can help prevent skidding and tire blowout.
Slow down: When it rains, the dirt and oil on the road mix together, making the road slippery and weakening the braking ability of the vehicle. The best way to avoid skidding is to slow down. Driving at a slow speed can increase the contact area between the tire and the road surface, thereby providing greater traction.
How to get out of skidding: Even the most cautious driver can slip. If the vehicle slips, remember not to press the brake pedal hard. If your vehicle is equipped with an anti-lock braking system (ABS), do not apply the brakes on the spot. Instead, you should press the brake pedal firmly and steadily, and turn the steering wheel in the direction of the slip.
Be fully prepared for the road: driving on slippery roads requires you to gently perform all the main control operations (steering, clutch, brake and accelerator), and be alert to accidents and emergencies ahead. When you are driving on the road on a rainy day, your shoes may get wet and easily slip off the pedals when you step on the pedals. Before starting the engine, the sole should be wiped dry on the carpet or rubber feet of the car. All car drivers should regularly check whether the car's headlights, taillights, brake lights and turn signals are working properly.
Avoid using brakes on slippery roads: Avoid using brakes. Decelerate as much as possible by releasing the accelerator pedal. Even in the case of low rainfall, the headlights should be turned on. This not only helps you see the situation on the road, but also helps other drivers see your vehicle. If your vehicle is equipped with daytime running lights, these lights should be turned on so that the following car can better keep a distance from you.
Keep a proper distance from the vehicle in front: The braking distance on wet roads is about three times the braking distance on dry roads. As longer braking distances are required, care must be taken not to rear-end the vehicle in front. Keep a distance of more than two bodies between your vehicle and the vehicle in front.
Learn how to avoid and deal with vehicle skidding: If the accumulation speed of rainwater in front of the tires exceeds the speed at which the weight of the car presses and splashes it, skidding will occur. The water pressure will cause your car to be lifted and form a thin film of water between the tires and the road. At this time, the car is completely out of contact with the road, and the vehicle is in danger of sliding or deviating from the direction, or even sliding off the road. In order to avoid skidding, the tires should always maintain the correct air pressure, keep the tread pattern deep enough and replace the tires when necessary. When the road is slippery, you should slow down and avoid waterlogged roads. Try driving along the rut mark left by the vehicle ahead. If you find that the vehicle starts to skid, please do not slam the brakes or slam the direction, which may cause the car to enter a side-slip state. Lift your foot off the accelerator pedal until the vehicle slows down and you regain the feel of the road. If you need to brake, please take a gentle point brake operation. If the car is equipped with ABS, please take normal braking operation; if necessary, the on-board computer will automatically imitate the point braking operation.
If it is a rainstorm, please stop immediately: the rainstorm will cause the wiper to exceed the working load, which will spread the continuous water flow on the windshield and affect the line of sight. If the line of sight becomes poor, it may not be possible to see the edge of the road or other vehicles within a safe distance, so the car should be parked on the side of the road to wait for the storm to stop. It is best to park your car in a rest area or other protected area. If you can only stop on the side of the road, you should stop as close as possible to the side of the road and wait for the rainstorm to pass. Headlamps and hazard warning lights should always be on to warn other drivers.
The first rain will make the road very slippery: the first rain will always make the road very difficult to drive, because the mud and oil leakage on the dry road mix with the rain, making the vehicle very easy to slip. The driver may feel that the control of the vehicle is reduced, and you should be extra cautious in the first half an hour after the rain starts.
Cloudy weather will reduce your vision range: Cloudy weather will relatively reduce your vision range when driving, so you must be extra careful when overtaking.
The brakes should be wiped dry after driving through the water: If the water passing through is deep enough and makes the brake pads wet, a few light brakes should be applied to dry the brake pads.
Do not drive fatigue: to prevent fatigue, you should rest at least every few hours or every hundreds of kilometers.